Remember the era when smartphones were non-existent, and the convenience of Ola/Uber cab services or online food ordering seemed like a distant dream? If we rewind just 4-5 years of our lives, the remarkable changes brought about by science and technology become even more evident. The world has undergone a significant transformation, and advancements continue to simplify and expedite various aspects of our lives. When we traditionally think about science-related careers, fields such as Engineering, Medicine, and Architecture come to mind. However, in this era of rapid technological advancement, the career landscape in science is evolving at an unprecedented pace. Let’s delve into 9 Emerging Careers for Science Student in the realm of science that are not only promising but also highly relevant in this modern age.
Table of Contents
1. Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning
In today’s computer-dominated world, the terms ‘Artificial Intelligence’ and ‘Machine Learning’ have become ubiquitous. But what exactly do they entail? Artificial Intelligence, a branch of computer science, involves creating smart machines and systems capable of thinking and processing information akin to humans. Applications like Siri and Alexa leverage machine learning for voice recognition. While platforms like Facebook employ algorithms for facial recognition and friend tagging suggestions. A Gartner report predicted that AI would generate over 2.3 million job opportunities by 2020, making it one of the fastest-growing fields in science and technology.
Course of Study: Attaining a B.Tech degree in computer science, followed by a Master’s in Machine Learning, Computer Science, or Mathematics is essential for aspiring professionals in this field.
2. Big Data, Data Analytics, and Data Science
“Data is growing faster than ever before, and by the year 2020, about 1.7 megabytes of new information will be created every second for every human being on the planet,” according to Forbes. Data, in various forms, is integral to our daily lives, from online shopping preferences to social media interactions. Organizations value this data as it enables them to understand patterns and make informed business decisions. LinkedIn has identified Data Scientists and Big Data Engineers among the top emerging jobs, highlighting the increasing demand for skilled.
Course of Study: A degree in computer science (B.Tech/B.Sc/BCA) coupled with programming skills and certifications in Business Analytics and Intelligence, Data Analytics, and Data Science forms a strong foundation for a career in this data-driven domain.
3. Ethical Hacking and Cyber Security
The increasing digitization of businesses has made them more vulnerable to cybersecurity threats. Ethical Hacking has emerged as a crucial profession in today’s world, where professionals attempt to penetrate a company’s security system to identify and rectify weaknesses. As per the Bureau of Labor Statistics in the US, the cybersecurity sector is expected to grow by 28% by 2026. In India, organizations of all sizes recognize the threat of cyber attacks, leading to a rising demand for ethical hackers to safeguard sensitive information.
Course of Study: A background in computers is recommend, certification courses such as Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH), Computer Hacking , and Certified Security Analyst.
The futuristic concept of robots is no longer confined to sci-fi movies; it has become a tangible reality. Robots are now integral to various industries, from performing surgeries and automating industrial tasks to exploring space and handling dangerous operations. The rapid advancements in this field have given rise to humanoid robots that can walk, talk, and express emotions. Given the forceful trajectory of the robotics field, there is a growing demand for engineers capable of building and programming.
Course of Study: Individuals interested in this field can pursue a B.Tech in Mechanical, Electronics, or Robotics Engineering, followed by a Master’s and/or an M.Tech program in Robotics.
For those fascinated by planes, rockets, and satellites, a career in Aerospace might be a dream come true. Aerospace encompasses a broad range of technologies involved in the design, manufacture, and operation of aerospace vehicles, aircraft, missiles, and space satellites. From Aeronautics (dealing with aeroplanes) to Astronautics (dealing with space vehicles), professionals in this field handle various aspects, including design, technical, electrical, and software elements for building aerospace machines.
Course of Study: A B.Tech/B.E. degree in Mechanical Engineering, Aeronautical, or Aerospace Engineering is essential for entering this dynamic field.
6. Food and Agriculture Science
In a primarily agriculture-based economy like India, the field of food and agriculture offers numerous opportunities. Contrary to common misconceptions, this field goes beyond traditional farming. It involves cutting-edge research and constant innovation in areas such as Agricultural Biotechnology, Horticulture, Dairy Technology, Agronomy, and Food Technology. The goal is to improve both the quality and quantity of crops, dairy products, and agricultural products.
Course of Study: Building a career in this field requires a bachelor’s and master’s degree in Agriculture, Horticulture, Agronomy, or any of the sub-fields of agriculture. Alternatively, one can consider pursuing a B.Tech and M.Tech in Agricultural Engineering.
7. Environmental Science and Sustainable Development
With increasing environmental concerns, the need for experts in Environmental Sustainability Science has never been greater. This branch of science offers an integrated and quantitative approach to studying environmental systems. Professionals in this field focus on finding ways to prevent damage to the environment and manage the well-being of future generations. Strategies to protect natural resources and the environment are crucial, making professionals in this field indispensable.
Course of Study: A Bachelor of Environmental Management/Science or a B.Tech in Environmental Engineering. Followed by a master’s in the field.
8. Bioengineering and Biomedical Engineering
Bioengineering, one of the youngest engineering disciplines, applies engineering principles to solve problems in biology, medicine, healthcare, and related fields. Innovations in prosthetics engineering, artificial organs, medical imaging, tissue engineering, and wearable technology are examples of Bioengineering applications. The industry is brimming with opportunities for professionals to experiment and develop cutting-edge medical solutions.
Course of Study: A B.Tech and M.Tech degree in Biomedical Engineering are necessary to enter this field. It’s worth noting that a PCMB combination of subjects is required in 10+2 to be eligible.
9. Sports Medicine
In a country where sports is akin to religion, the field of Sports Medicine has gained prominence. Beyond playing games, there is a growing interest in careers related to sports, and Sports Medicine is one such field. Professionals in this domain are trained to help athletes improve their performance, prevent injuries, and manage their training and nutrition. This field extends beyond doctors to include Sports Psychologists, Sports Nutritionists, Physical Therapists, Exercise Physiologists, and Athletic Trainers.
Course of Study: To become a doctor specializing in Sports Medicine, pursuing an MBBS followed by an MD in Sports Medicine is the educational path. For other professions within Sports Medicine, options include an M.Sc in Sports Medicine or an M.A in Sports Psychology.
The modern world is characterized by constant disruption, with groundbreaking advancements and transformations occurring regularly. Embrace these emerging trends and consider them to stay at the forefront of innovation and progress.. Embrace the changing trends and build your career in any of these Emerging Careers for Science Student.